Featured Produce News

Raspberry Industry at a Glance

June 04, 2015

Raspberry Harvest Techniques, Statistics and Reports

A quick look at raspberry harvesting:

 

 

2014 Crop Year, Raspberry

Value

$ 388.5 million

 

Production

182.2 million lbs

(82,645 MT)

Domestic Consumption/For Processing

279.3 million lbs

(126,688 MT)

Exports

57.6 million lbs

(26,127 MT)

Imports

154.7 million lbs

(70,170 MT)

Bearing Acres

18,050

 

Data Source: NASS, USDA and FAS, USDA

 

About Raspberries

Raspberries rank as the third most popular fresh berry in the United States, led only by strawberries and blueberries. These popular edible berries are a member of the Rubus botanical genus species, which is part of the rose family. They come in a large template of color: purple, black, blue, yellow/golden and, most commonly, red. With woody stems, the raspberry bush is considered relatively easy to grow and maintain with abundant sunlight and water for the best development. Unlike blackberries and dewberries once a raspberry is picked from the receptacle, the berry is left hollow.

Although there are many varieties and choices of berry colors there are only two main growing categories that they fall under; those who are summer-bearers and those who are ever-bearers. Summer-bearers only bear a one-time summer time crop. Ever-bearers will bear both a crop in summer and in fall. Raspberries tend to grow in cooler climates and are best planted in the late winter or early spring. The soil should be well drained and maintain a pH level between 6 and 7. This pH level should be a top priority, especially, for the red raspberry. If the soil is over drained or falls outside of the 6-7 pH range then, Phytophthora - root rot - can occur, which can be devastating for the crop.

A single raspberry is made up of around 100 drupelets and can weigh anywhere from 3-5 g (0.11 – 0.18 oz). Raspberries are very nutritious; they are high in vitamin C with 26 mg per 100 g serving (32% Daily Value) and rich in dietary fiber (26% Daily Value). Raspberries also have a moderate amount of vitamin K (7% Daily Value) and are a low-glycemic index food, with total sugar content of only 4% and no starch. Like most berries raspberries do not contain any cholesterol or saturated fat, therefore, making it a healthier food choice.

The Washington Red Raspberry Commission (WRRC), an industry group of U.S. processed red raspberry producers, submitted a proposal to the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) for a national research and promotion program covering producers of raspberries for processing and importers of processed raspberries.  After the referendum passed with 88 percent voting in favor, the Processed Raspberries Research and Promotion Order went into effect on May 9, 2012 with the first council being appointed in April 2013 and the first meeting being held in May 2013.  In June 2013, the National Processed Raspberry Council (NPRC) was formed.

 

U.S. Production

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN, the U.S. production of Raspberries has increased in the last 10 years from just over 62,000 MT in 2003 to just over 91,000 MT in 2013.  U.S. production reached an all-time high in 2011 producing just under 110,000 MT.  

 

U.S. Fresh Apple Trade Click on Raspberry Production Graph to Enlarge.
Prepared by FPP using data from FAO.

California, Oregon and Washington are the three largest producers of raspberries, making-up 84% of the overall acreage in the U.S.  According to the 2012 Census of Agriculture, Washington has 9,885 acres of raspberries in production, California has 5,129 acres, and Oregon has 2,245 acres.  Washington leads the U.S. in red raspberry production. 

 

2012/13 Major Players in Apple Market Click on U.S. Raspberry Acreage Graph to Enlarge.
Prepared by FPP using data from NASS, USDA

California tends to be the principle producer of fresh raspberries, delivering their crops fresh to the market, while Oregon and Washington predominately deliver their raspberries for processing. Raspberries are mainly processed into various, jellies, baked goods, consumer retailer packs and individually quick frozen (IQF) fruit, purée, juices or as dried fruit used in a variety of grocery products.

 

U.S. Raspberry Trade

2012/13 Major Players in Apple Market Click on U.S. Raspberry Trade Graph to Enlarge.
Prepared by FPP using data from NASS, USDA

Since 2010 the United States has increased exports by 17.32%, as compared to an increase of 46.09% in imports. Most imports originate from Mexico during November through May. In 2010 alone, the U.S. imported 13,927 metric tons (MT) of fresh Mexican raspberries valued at $118 million. Since 2010 there has been an incredible 68.2% increase of imported raspberries directly from Mexico, going from 14,407 MT to 45,346 MT. From July through August, the majority of fresh raspberries come from Canada. In 2010, the U.S. imported a total of 442 MT of Canadian raspberries valued at nearly $658,000.

2012/13 Major Players in Apple Market Click on U.S. Raspberry Imports Graph to Enlarge.
Prepared by FPP using data from NASS, USDA

 

World Production

World raspberry production has increased 29 percent from 2003 (446,514 metric tons) to 2013 (578,233 metric tons).  In 2013, Russia was the largest producer of raspberries producing 143,000 metric tons.  Poland was a close second at 121, 040 metric tons.  The United States was third at 91,300 metric tons. 

2012/13 Major Players in Apple Market Click on Top Five Raspberry Producers Graph to Enlarge.
Prepared by FPP using data from FAO.

Europe accounts for 74.9% of world raspberry production as of 2013, the Americas report 22.7% and Asia accounts for 2.2%. Three of the top five producers are from Europe with the Russian, Poland and Serbia producing more than 332,498 MT of product in 2013. Mexico and The United States of America collectively produced 121,711 MT.

2012/13 Major Players in Apple Market Click on World Raspberry Share Graph to Enlarge.
Prepared by FPP using data from FAO.

 

Raspberry Groups

North American Raspberry & Blackberry Association

The North American Raspberry and Blackberry Association (NARBA) are growers, researchers, extension workers, nurseries, suppliers, marketers, and others associated with the raspberry and blackberry industry. There are members in 37 states, 8 Canadian provinces, and 5 countries as. 

To learn more about NAFBA, click here.

Washington Red Raspberry Commission

The Washington Red Raspberry Commission (WRRC) supports and promotes the raspberry industry by overseeing programs that facilitate cultural and harvesting improvements, and regulate unfair trade practices within the industry.

To learn more about the WRRC, click here.

National Processed Raspberry Council

Established in 2013, the mission of the National Processed Raspberry Council (NPRC) is to perform nutritional research on the health and wellness benefits of raspberries and promote the consumption of processed raspberries based on research outcomes. The NPRC was created under the Commodity Promotion, Research and Information Act administered by AMS, USDA. North America, South America, Europe, and Asia are represented on the Council by seven domestic producers, two foreign producers, and three importers. An additional seat for a Public Member is currently open.

To learn more about NPRC, click here.

Wisconsin Berry Growers Association

The Wisconsin Berry Growers Association (WBGA) represents the growers and marketers of strawberries, raspberries, and blueberries.  WBGA publishes a newsletter, fresh Magazine, four times a year.

To learn more about WBGA, click here.

North Carolina Commercial Blackberry and Raspberry Growers Association

The North Carolina Commercial Blackberry and Raspberry Growers Association (NCCBRGA) was developed in 2007 to help commercial blackberry and raspberry growers to achieve higher yielding, better quality crops through education from University and Industry specialists and from interaction with other growers.  The NCCBRGA also supports blackberry and raspberry research in North Carolina.

To learn more about MCCBRGA, click here.

The Southern Region Small Fruit Consortium

The Southern Region Small Fruit Consortium (Consortium) is designed to enhance the development of the small fruit industries by bring together small fruit growers and grower organizations, industries and service organizations allied with and/or serving small fruit growers, agricultural extension programs and research stations throughout the southern region of the U.S.

To learn more about the Consortium, click here.

National Berry Crops Initiative

The National Berry Crops Initiative (NBCI) s a partnership of industry, academia and government formed to develop a strategic plan for the continued growth and sustainability of berry crop production in the United States.

To learn more about NBCI, click here.

International Raspberry Organization

The U.S. is member of the International Raspberry Organization (IRO), whose 12 members represent 85 percent of the world pistachio production.

To learn more about IRO, click here.

 

More Information on Raspberries

The following GAIN reports concerning raspberries have been released 2013-2014:
            Peru – Peru Imports of US Raspberry Plants Up
            Poland – Berry Supplier for Russia and the EU
            Mexico – Berry Sector's Growth Has Important Consequences

To learn more about the Processed Raspberries Research and Promotion Order, click here.

To view a raspberry commodity profile made by the Agricultural Marketing Resource Center at Iowa State University, click here.

To view an overview of the raspberry industry from the North American Raspberry and Blackberry Association, click here.

To view the most recent report on Noncitrus Fruits and Nuts from the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), click here

To view more information on the production, management, and marketing of raspberries from the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service, click here.

To learn more about the health benefits of raspberries from Whole Foods, click here.

To learn more about raspberries from the University of California, click here

 

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Crop Profiles, Harvesting and Trade

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