Featured Produce News

Potato Industry at a Glance

February 06, 2014

Potato Harvest Techniques, Statistics and Reports

A quick look at potato harvesting and storing:


2012 Crop Year, Potatoes


$ 3.73 billion



46.28 billion lbs

(20,991,000 MT)

Domestic Consumption

46.4 billion lbs

(21,027,000 MT)


3.40 billion lbs

(1,540,000 MT)


2.75 billion lbs

(1,245,000 MT)

Acres Harvested




2013 Acres Harvested



Data Source: NASS, USDA and FAS, USDA

Potatoes are the leading vegetable crop in the United States (not including sweet potatoes), contributing about 15 percent of farm sales receipts for vegetables.  Over 50 percent of potato sales are to processors for french fries, chips, dehydrated potatoes, and other potato products.


U.S. Fresh Apple Trade

Click on Area Harvested Graph to Enlarge.
Prepared by FPP using data from NASS, USDA

Potatoes can be grown any season of the year in the U.S.  As evidenced by the chart below, a large majority of potatoes are grown in the fall (about 88 percent) due to ideal temperature conditions.  However, production in all other seasons is more profitable due to the demand for recently grown potatoes.  Potatoes are well-suited for long-term storage in climate-controlled rooms or containers.  Thus, the fall potato crop can be sold from September to August of the following year.


2012/13 Major Players in Apple Market

Click on U.S. Trade Graph to Enlarge.
Prepared by FPP using data from FAS, USDA

Imports and exports are few compared to the total potato production.  Most potatoes traded are processed—french fries, frozen products, chips, dehydrated products.  Canada and Mexico respectively import and export the most potatoes to and from the U.S.

To view the 2013 Potato Statisitical Yearbook from the National Potato Council, click here.

To see a page by the Economic Research Service (ERS) covering the potato crop, click here.

To view the North American Potato report from National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), click here.

Global Agricultural Information Network Reports

The following countries’ GAIN reports concerning potatoes have been released this year:

            Canada – Potatoes and Potato Products Annual
            Hong Kong – HOFEX–Idaho Potato Commission
            Indonesia – Import Recommendation of Hort Products
            Korea, Republic of – Korea's Market Access Quota Increase
            Mexico – 2013 Potato Risk Mitigation Measures Announced
            New Zealand – Potato Sector Annual Update 2013
            Taiwan – Taipei International Food Show 2013



The Federal Register

Crop Profiles, Harvesting and Trade

Agency and Congressional Hearings

Congressional Legislation

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