Featured Produce News

Peach Industry at a Glance

August 07, 2014

Peach Statistics and Reports

 

2013 Crop Year, Peach

Value

$ 544 million

 

Production

1.80 billion lbs

(818,033 MT)

Domestic Consumption

1.58 billion lbs

(716,708 MT)

Exports

270 million lbs

(122,813 MT)

Imports

47.4 million lbs

(21,488 MT)

Bearing Acres

105,230

 

Data Source: NASS, USDA and FAS, USDA

 

The U.S. Peach Industry

Peaches have been a staple in American homes since colonial times. Many people have peach trees in their yards and small peach orchards have dotted the American landscape for years. Thinning and picking summer time peaches has become an American pastime. Today, Americans consume an average of 7.4 lbs/capita of peaches each year. Fresh peaches have early harvests periods in the southeast and can enter the market as early as May. Peaches grown in the northwest are harvested a little later, with fresh market peaches being available from the months of July through September. The U.S. trails only China and the EU as the top producer of peaches in the world. The U.S. is also net exporter of peaches as show in the table above.

 

U.S. Fresh Apple Trade

Click on Peach Production Graph to Enlarge.
Prepared by FPP using data from NASS, USDA

 

Production in the U.S.

Peach production in the United States, like many others forms of produce, is done largely in the state of California. Peaches grown there are used for both processing and fresh consumption. Peaches grown in Georgia and South Carolina produce more peaches for fresh consumption. The sandy soils of the South and the moderate climate make it ideal for growing good tasteing fruit. California accounts for 96% of the peaches that are used for processing and 44% of peaches that go to the fresh market. South Carolina is the next largest contributor of fresh peaches, 16% of the 395,000 tons produced in the U.S. in 2013 coming from there.  (NASS 2014).

 

2012/13 Major Players in Apple Market

Click on Peach Production, By State Graph to Enlarge.
Prepared by FPP using data from NASS, USDA

 

Fresh vs Processed

The Unied States primarily uses two peach varieties, clingstone and freestone peaches. The names of the varieties describe the fruit’s attachment to the pit. With freestone peaches, the pit separates cleanly from the fruit making it practical for fresh consumption. Clingstone peaches on the other hand hold on tighter to their pits rendering it more difficult to separate the fruit from the pit. The toughness of clingstone peaches make them more ideal for processessing. Of the peaches that were processed last year, freestone varieties made up only 16.5% of total value of utilized production of processed peaches; the majority of peaches used were clingstone.

 

2012/13 Major Players in Apple Market

Click on Peach Production, by Type Graph to Enlarge.
Prepared by FPP using data from NASS, USDA

 

2012/13 Major Players in Apple Market

Click on Processed Peaches in U.S. Graph to Enlarge.
Prepared by FPP using data from NASS, USDA

 

More Information on Peaches

Global Agricultural Information Network Reports

The following countries’ GAIN reports concerning Peaches have been released this year:
            China – Fresh Peaches & Nectarines

For more on peaches from the Agricultural Resource Marketing Center, look here.
For the latest on all things peaches, check out the Clemson University website.
For information about the exporting of canned peaches, look here.
Southeast 2014 peach demands report, look here.

Daily Peach Prices

To view the daily price of peaches, please visit AMS Market News page by click here or visiting our Daily Produce Prices page.

 

Peach Associations

            National Peach Council
            California Canning Peach Association
            Georgia Peach Council Growers
            National Management Association Peach Council
            New Jersey PeachPromotion Council
            South Carolina Peach Council
            Texas Fruit Growers Association
            Western Colorado Fruit Growers

 

 

The Federal Register

Crop Profiles, Harvesting and Trade

Agency and Congressional Hearings

Congressional Legislation

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