Crop Profiles, Harvesting and Trade

A Snapshot of U.S. Fruit, Vegetable, and Tree Nut Industies



The US remains the principle producer and exporter of almonds, holding 80 percent of the world almond market. Spain follows with exports roughly one-tenth the size of America’s production.



The U.S. supply of apples remains fairly constant, yet it remains as one America’s most valuable crops. Every U.S. state produces apples, and 29 grow apples commercially.



Apricots boom in a California type climate: hot, long summers and wet, cool winters. A dry and temperature stable climate is vital to the fruit maturation.



Asparagus production in the U.S. has been steadily decreasing. The U.S. asparagus industry produced 231 million pounds in 2004. In 2014, however, total asparagus production was only 74 million pounds.



Maine is the largest producer of U.S. blueberries. Michigan, Oregon, Washington, Georgia and California follow closely in blueberry production.



The United States is currently the fourth largest producer of carrots, producing almost 1.3 million metric tons in 2013, or about 3.47% of total world production. 



In 2014, the United States harvested 28,900 acres of celery producing 1.84 million lbs. of celery crop with the farm gate valued at $307.3 million.


Christmas Trees

Christmas trees grow well in mild climates with well-drained soil, taking seven to ten years to grow a typical eight foot tree.



Cranberries are almost exclusively produced in North and South America, between the United States, Canada, and Chile. The US produces about three-quarters of the world’s cranberries. Wisconsin produces about 60% of the US’s cranberries.



The onion industry represented the 3rd highest-valued vegetable produced in the United States in 2013. In 2013, 6.97 billion pounds of onions were harvested.



Peaches have been a staple in American homes since colonial times. Today, Americans consume an average of 7.4 lbs./capita of peaches each year.



The United States grows approximately 80 percent of the world’s pecans. Although domestic pecan consumption has trended downward, growing export demand has led to an uptick in both production and exports in 2011/2012.



Potatoes are the leading vegetable crop in the United States (not including sweet potatoes), contributing about 15 percent of farm sales receipts for vegetables. Over 50 percent of potato sales are to processors for french fries, chips, dehydrated potatoes, and other potato products.



In 2013, approximately 1.13 billion pounds of pumpkins were produced in the United States. Illinois is the largest producer of pumpkins in the U.S. by far.



Raspberries rank as the third most popular fresh berry in the United States, led only by strawberries and blueberries.



Demand for spinach in the U.S. slowly increased from the 1980s until it reached its peak in 2005 at 2.3 lbs./person. That same year, prices reached an all-time low at $24.79/cwt of spinach.



U.S. strawberry production is a $2.5 billion industry. The U.S. is the number one producer of strawberries in the world.


Table Grapes

Around 99% of all table grapes grown in the U.S. are grown in California.



Watermelon consumption and production in the United States has been on the rise in the last few decades. Growers, non-profits, and distributors have consolidated efforts to help make watermelon the most consumed produce per pound of all U.S. produce.



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